Sorry no bib on this ; it was an in-class press release. This got me a 40/40 in AP History.There are three chief schools of idea that trace the beginnings of the Cold War. The Orthodox position is that? the intransigency of Leninist political orientation, the sinister kineticss of a totalitarian society, and the lunacy of Stalin? ( Doc 1 ) cause the Cold War. The Revisionists claim that? American policy offered the Russians no existent pick? [ and ] the United States used or deployed its preponderance of power? ( Doc 2 ) and these actions caused the Cold War. The Post-Revisionist place is that the Cold War was initiated both by the United States and the USSR. Through the analysis of paperss and other beginnings, the existent cause of the? war? lies with both powers. Both powers caused the Cold War because, although the US and the USSR were allied during World War Two, the USSR and US had different political orientations and purposes of the war that conflicted after the war was over and the menace that each power imposed on the other.
The primary cause of the Cold War is the extremely bipolar systems of authorities that the USSR and the US were administered under. The US had a democracy and had, in April of 1945, merely said farewell to one of the most broad presidents that of all time had been elected. By doing many societal reforms, President Roosevelt pulled the US out of the disabling depression and into on of the most comfortable decennaries of all time. The purposes of the US are apparent in the? Atlantic Charter? , which was signed by Churchill and Roosevelt in August of 1914. Harmonizing to the Charter, the US would? seek no aggrandisement? . esteem the rights of all peoples to take the signifier of authorities under which they will populate? . conveying about the fullest coaction between all states? . [ and seek ] the forsaking of the usage of force? ( Doc 4 ) . While still early in the war, the? Atlantic Charter? was subsequently adopted by the United Nations and remains, to this twenty-four hours, one of the basiss of the western universe. However, the other power that emerged still? integral? after the war, the USSR had a really different manner of authorities and dissimilar purposes of the war. The USSR was a communist state and had Stalin its dictator. ? From the Soviet position, widening the boundary lines of the USSR and ruling the formerly independent provinces of eastern Europe would supply security and would be proper compensation for the fearful losingss the Soviet people had endured in the war? ( p. 1111 ) . This shows that Soviet aspirations straight conflicted with the western philosophy as outlined in the? Atlantic Charter. ? ? Stalin presented his positions on the typical nature of the war that was being waged: ? ? . whosoever occupies a district besides imposes on it his societal system. Everyone imposes his ain system every bit far as his ground forces has power to make so? ( Doc 8 ) . These paperss and histories show that both the US and the USSR had governmental systems to which they deeply adhered and those systems were in? close quarters? in Europe after the war, which caused the tensenesss the heighten even more. They were non willing to seek to do the domains of influence coexist
in peace, neither of them.
Another factor that added to the tenseness between the two powers was the ultimate menace that they posed on each other. The status in Europe after the war encouraged communism because there were hungering citizens every bit good as wealthier citizens and this utmost and dangerous illustration of category division encourage those to wish for entire equality, the definition of communism. If states such as France, Britain and the western half of Germany fell to communism, so the USSR would command the whole of Europe and possibly go an unsurmountable enemy merely a the Atlantic off on one side and three stat mis on the other. ? The extent of the harm suffered by the metropolis in air foraies and organize the other effects of the war were tremendous? . There was no gas, no H2O, no electric current and no agency of transit? ( Doc 5 ) . Communism was get downing to look appealing to those downtrodden citizens in western Europe. Stalin, after touching to the monolithic losingss suffered by the USSR during the war, said:
So what can at that place be surprise about the fact that the Soviet Union, dying for its hereafter safety, is seeking to see to it that authoritiess loyal in their attitude to the Soviet Union should be in these states? How can anyone? depict these peaceable aspirations of the Soviet Union as expansionist inclinations on the portion of our province? ( Doc 20 )
Therefore demoing the USSR? s want to spread out, even if for a? baronial? cause. These menaces to US influence and European security did non travel unreciprocated by the US. In March of 1947, president Truman delivered his celebrated address, the? Truman Doctrine. ? ? One manner of life is based upon the will of the bulk? warrants of single autonomy? and freedom from political subjugation. The 2nd manner of life is based upon panic and subjugation? fixed elections? and the suppression of personal freedoms? ( # 7 ) . He goes on to inquire for 100s of 1000000s of dollars to help the multitudes in Europe, therefore discouraging them from going Communist, and basically declaring that the US? s chief end is incorporating communism to the eastern half of Europe. He does this through harsh and generalising comparings between the communal manner of life and the democratic but the message was clearly heard throughout the universe. Through these paperss, this is evident that both the US and the USSR were really stiffly adhered to their cause and manner of life, therefore neither power was willing to compromise, which caused and already high tensenesss to farther escalate into a period that lasted from the terminal of the war to, possibly, 1989, when the USSR collapsed.
Therefore, through the really different political orientations of the US and the USSR and the jeopardy that each power imposed on the other and therefore the fact that neither was willing to compromise with each other, the Cold War was initiated. These facets of both USSR and US diplomatic negotiations caused a line to be drawn down the center of Europe with communist states and influence on the eastern half and democratic on the West. An facet that was declared in Churchill? s celebrated address at a college in Missouri: ? An Fe drape has descended across the continent? ( Doc 19 ) .