ERP Case Study Essay Sample

Published: 2020-05-25 18:11:06
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Q1. ERP stands for enterprise. ” resources” and planning. ” Briefly explicate what and how ERP systems promise to offer better than traditional ( non-ERP ) information systems do. in footings of enterprise. ” resources” and planning. ” Sing the world of ERP systems usage. to what extent do you believe those promises on E. ” R” and P” have panned out? Justify briefly.
There are several ways in which Enterprise Resource Planning systems promise to offer better than traditional non-ERP information systems. The Enterprise” in ERP refers to the range of an full organisation. ERP offers the promise of a smooth flow of information across an full organisation and a standardised environment with one information system that is. a shared database. independent of incorporate applications while traditional non ERP bounds communicating across an organisation due to its deficiency of integrating. ERP due to its design besides promotes connectivity outside an organisation.
The R” refers to the different human resources. fiscal resources. merchandises. clients and capital resources. This besides offers more promise than traditional ( non-ERP ) information systems because these concern procedures are independent. yet integrated /interdependent which offer companies a competitory border. reduces multiple informations entries.
The P” refers to be aftering. This is particularly where ERP systems offer the most promise because non merely does the integrating of the systems offer benefits to an organisation. ERP offers organisational broad planning which supports strategic determination devising. For illustration if the selling and gross revenues section of an organisation is non sharing informations. this may take to miss of effectual planning.
ERP has fulfilled its promise in footings of planning. For most companies. it acts as a planning anchor for their nucleus competences by drawing together from across the company. the assorted procedures through informations. In footings of E” has successfully integrated the system by drawing together assorted informations from across the company and sharing informations from these procedures with othercorporate ERP systems.
Q2. ERP execution and BPR are frequently viewed as comrades. Describe two existent illustrations on how a house had successful ERP execution results with BPR. Should successful ERP execution be ever accompanied by BRP? Take your place. and province at least two grounds.
Several companies have successfully implemented ERP with BPR such as Ford Motors who reengineered their histories collectible procedure after implementing ERP. This move increased the velocity of payments and enhanced company dealingss with providers. Another company was CITGA Corporation. who reengineered their procedures to better their client service.
A big Midwestern infirmary sore to implement ERP aith BPR. To make this. they got MBA pupils to interview directors team members who were in managerial places. and who were familiar with BPR/ERP. They besides interview staffs who were involved in the undertaking planning and execution in the infirmary. The MBA pupils developed an unfastened ended questionnaire to be used for the BPR undertaking. After the study and careful research. the infirmary decided to implement SAP for developing an incorporate system that uses best patterns.
hypertext transfer protocol: //pdf. aminer. org/000/306/011/erp_based_business_process_reengineering_in_a_human_resources_department. pdf
I think implementing BPR and ERP is a strategic determination that largely depends on the end of the organisation and the clip and resources the company is willing to perpetrate. Because ERP is an investing for the hereafter. I think that most companies that implement BPR are interested in altering their concern procedures. and successful execution is determined by legion factors including future ROI. which is why I think a successful execution should ever be accompanied by BRP. A combination of BPR and ERP aid to better operations in an organisation with indispensable jobs in forming its concern procedures and resources.
Q3. Explain the procedure of ERP execution in general. presuming that this is the first ERP attempt at the house. Compare and contrast it with a new system development and execution via the waterfall or paradigm attack. Besides. can we presume that an ERP system replaces all the bequest systems most of the clip?
There are several ways to install/implement ERP they are ;* The Big Bang- The large knock attack is the most ambitious manner a company implements ERP. Companies replace all the bequest IS at one time with a individual ERP. This method is similar to the waterfall attack which is consecutive following all the different stages of execution analysis. design execution. rating and care. All these stages are followed consecutive and there is no redo or reappraisal in instance of a bug. Just like the large bag attack. where ERP is implemented all at one time without proving each stage of execution.
* Franchising strategy- This scheme is similar to the agile methodological analysis which means cutting down the large image into bantam pieces to see it fits or in order words put ining independent ERP systems in each unit. These two are similar because they both iterative. following the construct of build a little” test a little” and go on through each execution stage.
* Slum dunk- This slam dunk attack is really different from the H2O autumn and nimble methodological analysis. This attack is test and mistake ; there is no existent procedure alternatively the ERP dictates the procedure design where the focal point is merely on a few cardinal procedures such as the HR faculty of the fiscal faculty. Unlike the Waterfall attack and Agile Methodology. this method has no procedure.
* The On-Demand Nibble- This is most frequently used by little to midsize companies. This this method. companies use Software –as-a-service ( SaaS ) selectively.
There are different phases in the execution of an ERP system. * Pre rating Screening- After a company has made the determination to implement an ERP system. the following measure is to seek for a bundle to assist develop an incorporate system that uses best patterns. This phase is helpful because the company will choose from a figure of ERP packages/vendors. and extinguish the bundles that are non great tantrums for their concern processes * Evaluation Package-After the company has eliminated bundles they are non suited for their concern procedures. in this phase. the company develops standards for choosing the right bundle from all the available bundles. * Project Planning- This stage is where programs and inside informations how the execution will travel are determined.
From making mileposts. finding functions and duties. clip agenda. range. hazard direction etc. * GAP analysis- in this phase. companies create a theoretical account of the current and future maps and procedures of the company. * Reengineering- In this stage. companies determine what portion of their concern processes they intend to alter to better aline it with ERP bundle to better automatize their procedures. * Team Training- This is a really of import stage in the ERP execution procedure. The Company trains employees who are unfastened minded and prosecute with the system on a day-to-day footing. * Testing- in the testing stage. the system is tested to find if it can defy all possible scenarios/ hazards such as hackers seeking to entree the system. multiple user logins etc. * Post Implementation-in the station execution stage. the company ensures that all employees are trained and the system is continuously maintained and updated.
4B ) We discussed how ERP systems can adequately back up make-to-order ( MTO ) in the context of fabrication and SCM. What are the five standards we should utilize? Briefly explain each standard.
To guarantee that ERP can back up make- to –order ( MTO ) adequately. the undermentioned standards can be used ;
I. Order tracking & A ; Production demands planning- An ERP system that can supervise single client orders in order in order to run into their specific customized demands. Besides be able to maintain path of the advancement their orders. two. System integration- ERP can incorporate the system. leting the different faculties to be connected. In the instance of MTO. there should be a nexus between the gross revenues faculty and the production planning faculty in order to reassign gross revenues orders into production orders. and to guarantee that every production can be traced back to gross revenues. This is besides indispensable for merchandise pricing. three. Inventory control and management- ERP must adequately back up the stock list director to guarantee the uninterrupted flow of necessary stuff and constituents and to maintain stock every bit low as possible to forestall wastage. four. Planned Production-provide support for high flexible in processing of orders to guarantee that regular gross revenues demands are met. v. Material Resource Planning-
six. Reduce Overall waste- an ERP system that can take equal steps to cut down waste
Q5. When looking at the ERP market. we can see three major market sections or grades. What are noteworthy features of each market grades? Briefly remark. What are three major tendencies on ERP merchandises? Please explain.
* The three major market grades are as follows ; Tier I. Tier II. and Tier III.
Tier I sellers such as SAP. Oracle. Microsoft kineticss. etc. function big planetary companies/ the High terminal ERP market. The merchandises in this market are more complex and offer a higher degree of functionality than tier 2 and 3. It was designed to turn to all demands of a planetary corporation and requires more complicated hardware.
Tier II sellers such as sage. Epicor. QAD. etc which serve the mid-range ERP market. The mid-range ERP market provides more specific functionality than the High- terminal market.
Tier III such as Blue cherry. Syspro. etc which serve the low terminal ERP market.
Major Tendencies in ERP Merchandises
* Mobile ERP – Due to the popularity of Apple ipad. Mobile engineering has become tendency. The potency of nomadic applications to transform concern procedures depends on velocity and the ability of the nomadic device to gaining control and respond to information in existent clip. * Cloud Computing- Cloud computer science is has become one of the latest tendencies in ERP merchandises. This is because Cloud ERP cost less upfront disbursal and less clip is required to deploy the system. With cloud calculating. organisations do non necessitate to put in hardware and package in-house. * Adoption of Application Service Provider ( ASP ) Model: This theoretical account is a current tendency in ERP merchandises. it enables an organisation to utilize ERP on a transactional footing alternatively of purchasing an ERP bundle based on the traditional licensing system This theoretical account is utile for big organisations that have decided to concentrate on their nucleus competences. there cutting back on the internal IT constitution.

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