Atticus, envincing his characteristics during the novel, conveys the theme of segregation and morality. In many scenes, encumbered with hardships, Atticus is always calm to approach. Atticus sat down in the swing and crossed his legs. His fingers wandered to his watchpocket; He waited in amiable silence.” Even when he is faced with the problem of being a single father of Jem and Scout, working as a lawyer?he still crosses his legs on a swing and have his fingers wander around his watch pocket?maintaining his composure. Moreover, he does not care about others opinions, even when he is dealing with his own challenges. Atticus picked up the Mobile Press and sat down in the rocking chair Jem had vacated. For the life of me, I did not understand how he could sit there in cold blood and read a newspaper when his only son stood an excellent chance of being murdered with a Confederate Army relic. Of course Jem antagonized me sometimes until I could kill him, but when it came down to it, he was all I had. Atticus didn’t seem to realise this, or if he did, he didn’t care.” This extract shows how Atticus does not respond to others insults and mockery?making his son apologie for destroying Mrs Dubose’s garden?though Jem did it because Mrs dubose offended Atticus.
Racial tension is narrated through the eyes of scout, providing a contrasting effect of innocence to oppose the violence happening in the novel.
I seen that black nigger yonder ruttin’ on my Mayella!” P231
I go to school with Walter,” I began again. He’s your boy, ain’t he? Ain’t he, sir? P205
What’s the matter?” P206