Indian Railways Essay Sample

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Indian Railways. a historical bequest. are a critical force in our economic system. The first railroad on Indian sub-continent ran from Bombay to Thane on 16th April 1853. Fourteen railroad passenger cars carried about 400 invitees from Bombay to Thane covering a distance of 21 stat mis ( 34 Kilometers ) . Since so there has been no looking back. Today. it covers 6. 909 Stationss over a entire path length of more than 63. 028 kilometers. The path kilometres in wide gage ( 1676 millimeter ) are 86. 526 kilometer. metre gage ( 1000 millimeter ) are 18. 529 kilometer and narrow gage ( 762/610 millimeter ) are 3. 651 kilometer. Of the entire path of 63. 028 kilometer. 16. 001 kilometers are electrified. The railroads have 8000 engines. 50. 000 training vehicles. 222. 147 freight waggons. 6853 Stationss. 300 paces. 2300 goodsheds. 700 fix stores. and 1. 54 million work force. Indian Railways runs around 11. 000 trains mundane. of which 7. 000 are rider trains. Soon. 9 braces of Rajdhani and 13 braces of Shatabdi Express Trains run on the rail paths of India. It is interesting to observe that though the railroads were introduced to ease the commercial involvement of the British. it played an of import function in uniting the state.
Railwaies are ideally suited for long distance travel and motion of majority trade goods. Regarded better than route conveyance in footings of energy efficiency. land usage. environment impact and safety it is ever in head during national exigency. Indian railroads. the largest rail web in Asia and the world’s 2nd largest under one direction are besides credited with holding a multi gage and multi grip system. The Indian Railways have been a great integration force for more than 150 old ages. It has helped the economic life of the state and helped in speed uping the development of industry and agribusiness. Indian Railways is known to be the largest railroad web in Asia. The Indian Railways web binds the societal. cultural and economical cloth of the state and covers the whole of state runing from North to south and east to west taking the distance barrier for its people. The railroad web of India has brought together the whole of state hence making a feeling of integrity among Indians.
Organization OverviewThe Ministry of Railways under Government of India controls Indian Railways. The Ministry is headed by Union Minister who is by and large supported by a Minster of State. The Railway Board dwelling of six members and a president reports to this top hierarchy. The railroad zones are headed by their several General Mangers who in bend study to the Railway Board. For administrative convenience Indian Railways is chiefly divided into 16 zones: Railway Zone Headquarters
Indian Railway Zones consists of the undermentioned zones S. No. | Name of the Zone| Divisions| 1| Central Railway ( Mumbai ) | Bhusawal. Nagpur. Mumbai ( CST ) . Solapur. Pune| 2| Eastern Railway ( Kolkata ) | Malda. Howarh. Sealdah. Asansol| 3| Northern Railway ( NEW Delhi ) | Ambala. Ferozpur. Lucknow. Moradabad. Delhi| 4| North Eastern Railway ( Gorakhpur ) | Lucknow. Varanasi. Izatnagar| 5| Northeast Frontier Railway ( Guwahati ) | Katihar. Lumding. Tinsukhia. Alipurduar. Rangiya| 6| Southern Railway ( Chennai ) | Chennai. Madurai. Palghat. Trichy. Trivandrum| 7| South Central Railway ( Secunderabad ) | Secunderabad. Hyderabad. Guntakal. Vijaywada. Guntur. Nanded| 8| South Eastern Railway ( Kolkata ) | Kharagpur. Chakradharpur* . Adra* . Ranchi^| 9| Western Railway ( Mumbai ) | Bhavnagar. Mumbai Central. Ratlam. Rajkot. Vadodara. Ahemdabad| 10| East Central Railway ( Hajipur ) | Danapur. Dhanbad. Sonepur. Mughalsarai. Samastipur| 11| East Coast Railway ( Bhubaneshwar ) | Khurda Road. Waltair. Sambalpur| 12| North Central Railway ( Allahabad ) | Allahabad. Jhansi. Agra| 13| North Western Railway ( Jaipur ) | Bikaner. Jodhpur. Jaipur. Agra| 14| South East Central Railway ( Bilaspur ) | Nagpur. Bilaspur. Raipur| 15| South Western Railway ( Hubuli| Bangalore. Mysore. Hubli| 16| West Central Railway ( Jabalpur ) | Jabalpur. Bhopal. Kota| 17| Konkan Railways| Navi Mumbai|
The Ministry of Railways has following nine projects:1. Rail India Technical & A ; Economic Services Limited ( RITES ) 2. Indian Railway Construction ( IRCON ) International Limited 3. Indian Railway Finance Corporation Limited ( IRFC )4. Container Corporation of India Limited ( CONCOR )5. Konkan Railway Corporation Limited ( KRCL )6. Indian Railway Catering & A ; Tourism Corporation Ltd ( IRCTC ) 7. Railtel Corporation of India Ltd. ( Rail Tel )8. Mumbai Rail Vikas Nigam Ltd. ( MRVNL )9. Rail Vikas Nigam Ltd. ( RVNL )Indian Railwaies have their research and development wing in the signifier of Research. Designs and Standard Organization ( RDSO ) . RDSO maps as the proficient adviser and adviser to the Ministry. Zonal Railways and Production Units. Railway Budget
Since 1924-25. railroad fundss have been separated from General Revenue. Indian railroads have their ain financess in the signifier of Railway Budget presented to the Parliament yearly. This budget is presented to the Parliament by the Union Railway Minster two yearss prior to the General Budget. normally around 26th February. It has to be passed by a simple bulk in the Lok Sabha before it gets concluding credence. Indian Railways are capable to the same audit control as other authorities grosss and outgo. Passenger Traffic
The rider traffic has risen from springs and bounds from 1284 million in 1950-51 to 5112 million in 2002-2003.
Freight TrafficThe gross fright traffic has besides grown vastly from 73. 2 million tones in 1950-51 to 557. 39 million tones. Indian railways carry immense assortment of goods such as mineral ores. fertilisers. petrochemicals. agricultural green goods and others. It has been made possible with steps such as line capacity augmentation on certain critical sectors and modernisation of signaling system and increase in roller bearing equipped waggons. Indian Railways make immense gross and most of its net incomes are from the cargo sector and uses these net incomes to augment the loss-making rider sector. Here. it is of import to observe that cybernation of freight operations — Freight Operations Information System ( FOIS ) has been achieved with the execution of Rake Management System. Facilities for Passengers
Computer based unreserved fining takes attention of the big ball of unreserved section of riders. This installation allows issue of unreserved tickets from locations other than get oning station. Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation
IRCTC has launched on line fining installation with the assistance of Center for Railway Information System. which can be booked on World Wide Web. irctc. co. in. For the convenience of clients questions related to adjustment handiness. rider position. train agenda etc are can all be addressed online. Computerized reserve installations have made the life easy of commuters across India. National Train Enquiry system is another enterprise of Indian Railways which offers train running place on a current footing through assorted end product devices such as terminuss in the station questions and Interactive Voice Response Systems ( IVRS ) at of import railroad Stationss. Indian Railways are committed to supply improved telecommunication system to its riders. For this Optical Fibre Communication ( OFC ) system has been embraced. which involves puting optical fiber overseas telegram along the railroad paths. In recent old ages Indian Railways have witnessed the pronounced rise of coaction between private and public sectors. Few of the noteworthy illustrations here are the wide gage connectivity to Pipya Port where a joint venture company is formed with Pipava Port authorization. Similarly Memorandums of Understanding has been signed between Railways and State authoritiess of Andhra Pradesh. Karnataka. Maharashtra. West Bengal. Tamil Nadu and Jharkhand. Particular Trains
Indian Railways have several particular trains. which are known across the universe such as Darjeeling Himalayan Railway. Nilgiri Mountain Railway. Palace on Wheels. Samjhauta Express. Lifeline Express. Fairy Queen. Himsagar Express and others. Darjeeling Himalayan Railways. running from New Jalpaiguri to Darjeeling. a hill station at an lift of 2134 metres has attained the World Heritage Status from UNESCO. The Nilgiri Mountain Railway is credited with being lone rack railroad in India. ‘Palace on Wheels’ gives you the experience of a royalty. The train base on ballss through following finishs. Jaipur. Jaisalmer. Jodhpur. Sawai Madhopur. Chittaurgarh. Udaipur. Bharatpur and Agra. While Fairy Queen. the oldest operation steam engine has received Heritage Award at the international Tourist Award apart from happening a topographic point in Guinness Book of World Records. Suburban Railway
Cities in India such as Mumbai. Chennai. Kolkata. Delhi. and Lucknow have dedicated suburban webs while Hyderabad and Pune portion the paths with long distance trains. The rider traffic in suburban trains is handled largely by electric multiple units. The Mumbai Suburban Railway spread over 303-route kilometer carries more than 6. 1 million commuters daily. It is one of the most intensively utilised public transit in the universe. Kolkata tube is the first belowground rapid theodolite system in India. which began operations in 1984. The line begins at Dum Dum in the North and continues till the southern terminal in Tollygunge. Delhi tube. started in Dec 2002. is the 2nd belowground rapid theodolite system in India. Delhi Metro combines elevated. at-grade and belowground lines. The Phase 1 of the web consists of 65. 11 kilometer of path length with 13. 01 kilometer resistance called Metro corridor and 52. 10 kms surface elevated called Rail Corridor. Phase II is soon under building. with a mark completion day of the month of 2010. Indian Railways Objectives in 2008
Indian Railways created a history by bring forthing a hard currency excess before dividend of Rs 20. 000 chromium as against Rs 14. 700 chromium in the old twelvemonth. The Passenger net incomes have increased by 14 per centum while coach net incomes have shown a rise of 48 per centum. A quantum leap in cargo concern is another high spot of the twelvemonth. For the twelvemonth 2007-2008 Construction of High Speed Passenger Corridors have been proposed. The corridors would hold province of the art signaling and train control systems. for running high velocity trains at velocities of 300 to 350 kilometers per hr ; one each in the Northern. Western. Southern and Eastern parts of the state. The trains will cover distance distances of up to 600 kilometers in two to three hours.
Private Public Partnership would be considered for High-speed corridors. Stairss would be taken to better the suburban services in metropoliss such as Mumbai. Kolkata. and Chennai. Mumbai MUTP-Phase I will be completed and the work on MUTP Phase II would be started. Suggestions have been made to present airconditioned category services in suburban trains in Mumbai. Chennai and Kolkata and escalators at major Stationss. The railroad curate has proposed to utilize more IT services in the railroads which would assist in increasing rider and freight net incomes. cut down operating costs. guarantee effectual use of human and physical resources. ERP bundles would be implemented in workshops. production units and selected zonary railroads. Gauge Conversion. Rolling Stock Modernization and Capacity Augmentation are the other facets in the to make list of the Indian Railways. The twelvemonth 2007 will be celebrated as cleanliness twelvemonth where attempts would be ensured to keep cleanliness and hygiene at station premises in rider trains. railroad lines. waiting suites etc.
INTRODUCTION TO SOUTHERN RAILWAY
The Southern Railway. headquartered at Chennai. Tamil Nadu. is one of the 17 zones of Indian Railways. It is the earliest of the 17 zones of the Indian Railways created in independent India. It was created on 14 April 1951 by unifying three province railroads. viz. . the Madras and Southern Mahratta Railway. the South Indian Railway Company. and the Mysore State Railway. The South Indian Railway was originally created in the British colonial times as Great Southern India Railway Co. founded in Britain in 1853 and registered in 1859. Its original central office was in Tiruchirappalli ( Trichy ) and was registered as a company in London merely in 1890.
Southern Railway has its central offices in Chennai and has the undermentioned six divisions: Chennai. Madurai. Tiruchirappalli. Salem. Palakkad. and Thiruvananthapuram. It covers the provinces of Tamil Nadu. Kerala. Pondicherry and little parts of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. More than 500 million riders travel on the web every twelvemonth. This zone of the Indian Railways differs from the other zones of India in that its gross is derived from riders and non from cargo.
Chennai Central. Coimbatore metropolis Junction. Madurai Junction. Tirunelveli Junction. Tiruchirappalli Junction and Thiruvananthapuram Central are the most of import and the most profitable Stationss under Southern Railway Division. The most profitable path comprises Chennai Central – Arakkonam – Katpadi Junction ( Vellore ) -Jolarpet Junction – Salem Junction – Erode Junction – Tirupur Junction – Coimbatore metropolis Junction – Thrissur – Ernakulam Junction – Trivandrum Central. Chennai Egmore – Chengalpattu – Viluppuram – Tiruchirappalli – Dindigul- Madurai Junction – Tirunelveli – Nagercoil – Trivandrum Central. Mangalore Central – Calicut – Shornur Junction.
For better administrative control and improved development and operational grounds. the Railway Board approved the creative activity of a new Railway Division with Salem as central offices in 2005 to better railroad substructure and installations and present better train services. therefore fulfilling the long-felt demands of railroad riders in and around environing countries and thereby supplying better comfortss to inveigh travellers. Tirupur Junction and Erode Junction are besides included in the Salem division. It is now the 4th largest of all the seven divisions of the Southern Railway and was carved out of the Coimbatore. Palakkad and Tiruchirapalli divisions. A big subdivision of this railroad zone are wide gage lines. and merely little subdivision are meter gauge lines. The chief betterments presently in this railroad zone are to change over all lines to wide gage. betterment of Stationss. platform covering. better providing stables and an automated signaling system to avoid accidents.
The Chennai Central station handles two hundred thousand riders every twenty-four hours. Seven Stationss viz. Chennai Egmore. Coimbatore North. Erode Junction. Salem Junction. Tiruchirappalli Junction. Madurai Junction. and Palakkad have been scheduled for upgrading. Chennai Central. Trivandrum Central. Coimbatore metropolis Junction and Ernakulam Junction railroad Stationss are being upgraded to first criterions.
Tiruppur Railway Station is besides known as Tirupur Railway Station. This station is located halfway between Erode and Coimbatore. This station is under the administrative control of the Southern Railways. There is besides a coach station which is at a short distance from the railroad station. The seat reserve of the station is computerized. Some of the trains that pass through this station are Cheran Express. Bangalore-Coimbatore Inter-City Express and many more. Station Code: Ram

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