Study On Berlin Past And Present History Essay

Published: 2020-07-08 13:26:05
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Other memorials in Berlin nevertheless serve merely as a manner to bury, they erase the yesteryear as it was, ne’er retrieving what has come to go through. These memorials seem merely to be constructed so that it can non be said that they did non mark the said event or individual, the intent of these is about merely to click a box so that they can travel on to the following commemoration. These ‘commemorations ‘ achieve the antonym of what they should mean to make, they do non function as reminders for the people, they alternatively erase the memories of the yesteryear.
Remembering Robert Musil ‘s observation that there is nil every bit unseeable as a memorial, Berlin- and with it all of this memorial-crazed Germany- is choosing for invisibleness. The more memorials there are, the more the past becomes unseeable, and the easier it is to bury: salvation, therefore, through forgetting. ”[ two ]
The concluding type of commemoration or deficiency thereof has been achieved through the devastation and destruction of edifices and sites that represent of import historical events, in some instances this is to be accepted but in others possibly memorializing these points would hold been the preferable option. In Berlin, more than many other metropoliss it seems, the devastation of anything that reminds the people of a horrific yesteryear is prevailing with few exclusions.
In Berlin, the people need to take a measure back from the current memory roar, it is non plenty to construct memorial after memorial, while destructing something that truly represents the yesteryear. The metropolis of Berlin needs to be liberated and with this memorials that non merely let the people to bury but besides let them to retrieve their past demand to be at the bow of this development, certain edifices that in the old ages gone by have represented the metropolis and its people need to be cared for and non destroyed. The determination needs to be made about what should be built and what should be destroyed.
The urge to continue or to destruct – whether motivated by nostalgia, desire for prestigiousness or legitimacy, or even economic sciences – reflects deep-rooted beliefs about historical individualities. ”[ three ]
This inquiry of whether a edifice should be kept or destroyed has been up for argument several times with respects to the Palace of Berlin. The first marks of this castle was in 1443 when the Hohenzoller Frederick II Irontooth ” , Margrave and Prince Elector of Brandenburg, laid the foundations of the first garrison or castle of all time erected in Berlin. This palace was invariably remodelled until in 1538, the Margrave Joachim II demolished the castle and hired the maestro builder Caspar Theiss to construct a new, grander edifice in the Italian Renaissance manner. In 1698, the Elector Friedrich III of Brandenburg sponsored an tremendous enlargement of the castle to the West. He appointed Andreas Schluter as designer to plan this edifice and after its completion it stayed mostly this manner for the following two centuries with merely little redevelopments and extensions altering it. The castle acted as a symbolic meeting of eastern and western Europe. The roads to the West began at Unter den Linden and the journey to Moscow or Warsaw started from the castle ‘s southeast corner.
The first mark of existent argument, with respect to the castle and what it meant was in 1918 when Germany ceased to hold a male monarch. The Weimar Republic of 1919-33 and the Third Reich both declined to busy the castle, possibly to distance the authorities symbolically from the monarchy. In 1950 as the German Communists took control, the castle had been earnestly damaged by bombs. On August 23rd the authorities declared the castles destruction. This was met by a storm of outrage, with many keen to continue a great architectural memorial. The functionaries responsible assured people that the castle was excessively severely damaged to be rebuilt. Be this the right determination or was it merely a symbolic blow to Prussian militarism? Possibly the ruins should hold been left as they were, a memorial to the events gone by, or possibly the authorities should hold paid the cost for reconstructing it. After all, it had been the focal point of the German powers for over five centuries ; certainly that is a edifice worthy of memorialization?
It was non to be and for several old ages after the destruction, the site was used as a auto park, until in the 1970s one of the expansive strategies proposed for the site was eventually constructed. A rectangular box clad in white marble and bronze brooding glass, the Palace of the Republic accommodated both authorities quarters and countries for the populace. From 1973 to 1990, non merely did the Palace house the East German Parliament – the Volkskammer ” , it was a house of civilization and this edifice was a favorite locale for the people and visitants to Berlin. After the autumn of the Communists in 1990, the edifice was found to be contaminated with asbestos and closed. In March 1993 it was decided that the edifice should be torn down, and, merely like in 1950 with the old Palace, this was met by resistance. People sought to keep onto certain memories and experience of life in the Communist State ”[ four ], to many of the citizens of Berlin, the castle had been a topographic point where they had met up to socialize and even keep nuptialss.
The destruction of the edifice is a loss of four decennaries of East-Germany history, non merely politically but architecturally. This edifice was an architectural memorial to the GDR modern manner of edifice with its level roof, asymmetric constellation and three-dimensional construction. There were many grounds given for the devastation of the castle, the ecological one was the taint of asbestos, but this was truly merely a secondary ground. Although the asbestos was of high importance, the political mortgage that the edifice was burdened with was possibly more important when it came to the argument of whether or non the edifice should be kept. The association of the edifice with the GDR meant that the edifice was held responsible for the workss of the past government. History – and of class, architectural history – represented by the Palace of the Republic must non be disposed of by destruction and new building. ”[ V ]The protection of this memorial should non hold been determined by the actions of the authorities that erected it. The dismantlement of this construction has taken away the nexus that Berlin had with portion of its history due to short sighted aesthetic and political statement, therefore wipe outing the memories of the people.
The authorities of Berlin have decided to reconstruct the Hohenzoller castle from before WWII on this site. Destruction of the Palace of the Republic and the planned reproduction of the frontages of the dismantled Royal Palace ignores recent chapters of GermanyA?s troubled history -World War II and the 40 old ages of GermanyA?s division into two states. This procedure shows a doubtful, selective sentiment of history, far off from world and continuity ; it lacks the credence of one ‘s ain history and besides tolerance towards the architectural signifiers that are merchandises of the recent yesteryear. The saving and integrating of the important leftovers of GDR architecture would hold been an look of a responsible historical consciousness that has the bravery to accept an uncomfortable yesteryear and is willing to manus this bequest down to future coevalss.
Paragraph 1: From pre WWII to the present there has been an copiousness of memorials and commemorations in the metropolis of Berlin. The most successful of these non merely assume duty and come to clasps with past events but they may add to or make a bequest or pull attending to it without sabotaging the emotional message. They may shunt all attending to their topic or they may enjoy in their ain glorification.
Pre WWII – Brandenburg Gate, the lone one of the metropolis Gatess of Berlin to last, built in 1788-91 by Carl Langhans, head designer to Frederick William II of Prussia. This was non a triumphal arch but a gate through which one once entered Berlin, which has evolved into a memorial.
Divided Berlin – The Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church at the caput of Kurfurstendamm became a memorial in the 1950s when the populace objected to destructing its remains ; The governments yielded, and the church ‘s tattered tower became one of West Berlin ‘s landmarks, a permanent reminder of how much of the metropolis looked in 1945. ”[ six ]
Post 1989-The Jewish Museum by Daniel Libeskind, may be a better commemoration to German and Jewish history, the history of the life and of the dead, than any official funereal Holocaust memorial could perchance be. ”[ seven ]
Paragraph 2:
Remembering Robert Musil ‘s observation that there is nil every bit unseeable as a memorial, Berlin- and with it all of this memorial-crazed Germany- is choosing for invisibleness. The more memorials there are, the more the past becomes unseeable, and the easier it is to bury: salvation, therefore, through forgetting. ”[ eight ]
Pre WWII-The Reichstag built in 1884 to house the parliament of the freshly incorporate German. Rebuilt in 1994, its face and blast the lone leftovers form the Wilhelm clip, is this something that should be forgotten?
Divided Berlin-Lenin Statue built in 1970 and rupture down in 1992, it was seen as merely unacceptable for Berlin to honor this tyrant and liquidator. ”[ nine ]
Post 1989-Neue Wache statue, non the intended inside for the edifice.
Decision: Once it has been remembered can it so be forgotten? The monetary value paid for advancement was the devastation of past ways of life and being in the universe. There was no release without active devastation. And the devastation of the past brought forgetting. ”[ x ]

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