Functionalism, Conflict theory, and Social Interactionism are sociological positions that I believe can be used to analyze the societal unit of the household. Functionalism looks at the household as if it was one mechanical entity with every member of the household taking on a function and a map impacting the whole. For illustration, the female parent is the nurturer, support to the hubby in footings of maintaining the household together taking on family responsibilities every bit good as economic responsibilities ; the male parent, traditionally is ‘head ‘ of the household whose primary map is to supply for the economic and fiscal demands of his married woman and kids ; the kids are dependent on their parents but take on an of import function towards each other and to their parents. What these functions are vary harmonizing to the age of the kids and their phase in life. In the senior old ages of their parents, the kids are expected to go the nurturer and supplier for their parents, a function reversal of kinds. Since a functionalist perspectives focal points on roles/functions, when a household is in a province of struggle, the kineticss of household map can be looked at to nail the countries of issue/tension for the intent of happening solutions. Now, from a functionalist position, how can a member of a household position ego and society? First off, the self-view will be rooted in map and outlooks. The male parent for illustration will see himself as one who must supply for and protect his household based on standard outlooks of what male parents do and what paternity means in the society he belongs to. He will see society as one of map and construction every bit good where his household makes up a unit built-in to the working societal groups he/his household belongs. Roles so will go portion of the expected mental images a functionalist position gives in footings of sing household and society. Therefore, the functions of female parent, male parent, girl, boy, aunt, uncle, grandparents, cousins – all these are based on societal and cultural criterions. This extends out to expected functions & A ; maps of cardinal persons in society every bit good as societal groups ( i.e. Priest, instructors, politicians, employers, church, authorities, concerns, etc. ) . In footings of societal alteration, if alteration is systemic, it will be based on or will hold to be rooted in the demand to pass or consequence a peculiar map for the intent of accommodating to or lasting challenges, struggles or tendencies. Take for illustration the tendency of and the established demand to accommodate to new communicating engineerings ( 3G phones, nomadic cyberspace ) . Once households used to ‘not necessitate ‘ such engineerings to maintain path of and maintain in touch with household members to foster relationships and fulfil duties. Now though, parents and kids have adapted digital engineering in their lives to tackle the map of connectivity and communicating supplying new avenues for household connection.
On Symbolic Interactionism
Symbolic interactionism as a position on the other manus expressions at the micro relationships between household members – looking at their mundane life and the relationship all members have with each other. It seeks to happen out the finer inside informations of societal relationships in order to understand why they work/do n’t work. It seeks to see whether households attach certain significances to societal stereotypes in relation to their outlooks from each other. At the same clip it besides seeks to understand how each other ‘come to intend ‘ in the lives, picks and readings of each member. It seeks to set up the strength and infirmity of familial relationships by supplying inside informations. It is different from functionalism in that it focuses on ‘quality & A ; intending ‘ of relationships alternatively of map entirely. While functionalism sees the household as an organic entity that follows a alone construction harmonizing to function & A ; appellation within the family-group, symbolic interactionism gives more weight to the ‘function ‘ of relationships in the household construction. For illustration, the importance of household bonds can be measured in the manner household members act towards each other. For Herbert Blumer ( 1986 ) , the conceiver of the theory, familial relationships are best understood via the discourses and interactions of household members in their relationships towards each other for significance is created via this, relationships built, conflicts resolved, places taken. In other words, this sociological position is a dianoetic microscope that can make a family tree of household dealingss and supply a image of shared beliefs and alone household behavior that contribute ( or due to miss of prohibits from making ) towards a shared household civilization and individuality. What does this mean for members of a household? It is in discourse that significance is created. Cultures and traditions of households are built over interaction and shared histories. Without interaction, significance and relationships can non be built. For single members of the household so, household is viewed as a dynamic and continual interaction with each other that allow for significances and symbolisms to be invested and shared by those who interact. For illustration, a male parent can merely be a male parent if he interacts with his kids to carry through his ain outlooks of himself as a male parent to his kids and if the kids respond to him in such a manner that the interaction establishes a communicating exchange, a discourse where male parent and kids find ‘meaning ‘ in each other. Therefore while the male parent works to supply for his kids, without interaction, this relationship is non socially established in intending doing familial dealingss between male parent and kids non-existent. Society from this position is seen as a monolithic societal construction where truth and constructions are established based on discourse ; without interaction, without discourse, there is no advancement particularly in footings of shared cultural patterns. A household vested in societal interaction sees active relationships as indispensable in set uping ‘bonds ‘ and societal alteration, at least within the household will merely go on via discourse. For illustration, a position qou must be arrived at via discourse in which members of the household have come to hold or see a peculiar place or necessary action likewise to justify corporate displacement in attacks or public presentation of a peculiar action.
The Conflict Theory
Conflict theory, a position rooted in the thoughts of Emile Durkheim ( societal struggle & A ; offense ) & A ; Karl Marx ( dialectical materialism/Marxism ) looks into derived functions of power – how power, influence and authorization influences the distribution of entree to resources, for illustration, in a peculiar societal group. Hence, it is a good position in the survey of criminology for it can be used to nail the source/forces behind criminalism due to access/lack of entree to power & A ; economic resources. As a position in understanding the societal unit of the household nevertheless, conflict theory can be used to understand the power dealingss in the household – the hierarchy of household authorization and control. Therefore the usage of struggle theory in the survey of the household unit can be said to concentrate on the negative facets of household construction and dealingss ; at the same clip nevertheless such a focal point can it besides conveying out the dealingss of gender, of power and of control. Finally, it is easy plenty to place who controls what and which in the household in order to delegate duty and right societal and relationship struggle. Conflict theory is a tool used in placing household issues in order to happen ways to repair them. For case, if a adolescent is holding issues with his/her parents, struggle theory can be used to analyse and nail the beginning of clash in order to determine redresss in repairing parent and kid dealingss. In the instance of drawn-out households that are so typical in parts of Asia ( i.e. Thailand, the Philippines, Cambodia, Vietnam ) wherein extended households allow economic and societal support for members of the ‘clan ‘ that can non otherwise support themselves, their kids and their demands, struggle theory is perfect in unknoting the dealingss of power and control including placing cabals, matriarchate & A ; patriarchy forms and countries of declaration ( particularly if the struggle theory is taken on to decide a familial issue ) . Members of a household utilizing the struggle theory can be viewed as societal agents differentiated by their entree to power and resources. Hence, they are basically viing with each other. A household member can look into one ‘s place in the household to measure his or her entree to act upon, power and resources to find his/her place in the household. If parents, for illustration are just, and if the female parent and the male parent see each other as peers so in the determinations that they make, this is reflected. But if this is non the instance, if the male parent has more ‘say ‘ in household affairs including economic issues, so there is a differential between hubby and married woman in footings of familial authorization. If all kids in the household are treated the same and given similar chances, so one can state that entree to resources and authorization is just ; but if one is treated better than the other so there is decidedly a derived function in footings of entree to power and resources between kids. Members of households who view their primary grouping as one of competition for resources ( i.e. one of struggle ) sees society as a bigger representation of their ain issues to resources and authorization within their households. They will see society as an intensely competitory societal sphere where to last ; one must be adept in working towards more power and entree to resources via constructions like schools, authorities and civilian organisations ( concerns, NGOs, private houses ) . Social alteration is inevitable for position qou will alter dependant on the sway of power at any given clip. From this position, society is continually altering and power alterations hands on a regular basis due to competition.