The Sociology of Slavery, Race, and Ethnicity Essay

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Harmonizing to Necessities of Sociology a Down-to-earth Approach written by James M. Henslin. Race is defined as a group of people with familial physical features that distinguish it from another group. The construct of race is both a world and a myth. The world of race is that we as worlds are born with a assortment of forms and colourss ( Henslin. 214 ) . Depending on our familial make-up. we are viewed upon as white. black. ruddy. yellow. or brown ( Henslin. 214 ) . Other separating features include the colour of our eyes. comprehensiveness of our lips. and texture of our hair. The mixture of these features in the construct of race is evidently world. In contrast. the construct of race is besides considered to be a myth. Peoples seem to believe that there are echt races. For illustration. many believe that a race could be composed of merely inkinesss and Whites or African Americans and Caucasians. When in world. these classified racial groups differ from one another lone one time in a 1000 fractional monetary units of the genome. doing us surprisingly homogeneous ( Henslin. 214 ) .
Race. because of the above differences in world and myth. is seen as a really sensitive affair. It can besides be confused with ethnicity. Race. as mentioned above refers to supposed biological features that distinguish one group of people from another. while ethnicity refers to cultural features ( Henslin. 217 ) . They are normally confused with one another because of ignorance of the people. Ethnicity refers to people who identify with each other on the footing of common lineage and cultural heritage and their sense of belonging may focus on on their kin. state. or part of beginning. nutrients. vesture. linguistic communication. music. faith. or household names and relationships ( Henslin. 217 ) . The footings race and ethnicity or cultural groups are frequently baffled because people think a peculiar group of people are a race when in actuality they are truly an cultural group. For illustration. people think Jews are a race ; nevertheless they are decently considered an cultural group ( Henslin. 217 ) . Their cultural features. particularly their faith bind them together ( Henslin. 217 ) .
Aside from race being a sensitive affair. bias and favoritism are besides among topics people hesitate to talk about. Prejudice and favoritism are common throughout the universe. therefore are really important in societal life ( Henslin. 218 ) . Discrimination is action of unjust intervention directed against person ( Henslin. 218 ) . Peoples can be discriminated against based on many features. For illustration. age. sex. tallness. weight. skin colour. vesture. address. income. instruction. matrimonial position. sexual orientation. disease. disablement. faith. and political relations ( Henslin. 218 ) . Discrimination has been a long clip issue that dates back many. many old ages and yet it still exists today. Peoples are protected by Torahs against favoritism. nevertheless others however finds ways to acquire around these Torahs. Discrimination is most frequently the consequence of an attitude called bias ( Henslin. 220 ) . Prejudice denotes the ownership of negative attitudes of a peculiar sort sing members of a specific group or class ( Denmark. 2010 ) . As normally used. bias is non simply a statement of sentiment or belief. but an attitude that includes feelings such as disdain. disfavor. or abhoring ( Denmark. 2010 ) .
Discrimination is a term applied to the negative actions that result from damaging attitudes and that are directed against the marks or victims of bias ( Denmark. 2010 ) . Person who is prejudiced may. in certain state of affairss. pattern favoritism.
Discrimination can be classified into assorted classs including single favoritism and institutional favoritism. Individual favoritism is the negative intervention of one individual by another ( Henslin. 222 ) . This intervention normally involves persons. For illustration. one may be know apart another because of the colour of their tegument. This so becomes and issue between these two persons. Institutional Discrimination is the negative intervention of a minority group that is built onto a society’s establishments ( Henslin. 222 ) . This type of favoritism creates favor for one group against others because of race or ethnicity. For case. being denied a loan application because of the colour of one’s tegument. Surveies from earlier have shown that bank loaners had participated in such patterns know aparting against minorities by rejecting their loan applications ( Henslin. 222 ) . They defended themselves by saying that Whites had better recognition history ( Henslin. 222 ) .
The topic of race. favoritism. bias. single favoritism. and institutional favoritism all have had a major impact on the current societal. instruction. and economic place of African Americans. Discrimination affecting concerted attempts by the existent estate industry. federal lodging policy. banking instructions. and neighborhood organisations ensured inkinesss were restricted in lodging picks to the least desirable residential countries ( Collins and Williams. 1999 ) . Therefore. seting African Americans in tough state of affairss as it relates to societal. educational. and economic chances. Schools aid to socialise and supply cognition to kids to go better persons in society. However. when the schools are located in the least desirable residential country. this poses a menace to the socialisation and instruction of kids.
This has a major impact on those African American kids because they are non afforded the same instruction and socialisation as those kids go toing the more desirable schools. White persons besides display widespread credence of negative stereotypes of inkinesss and great reluctance to positive 1s hence impacting the current place of African Americans ( Collins and Williams. 1999 ) . For illustration. more than half of Whites believe inkinesss are prone to force. prefer to populate off public assistance. and lack the motive or will power to draw themselves up out of poorness ( Collins and Williams. 1999 ) . African Americans so internalise this racism because they have been told or hear these allegations over and over and now believe that it is true. later impacting them socially. educationally. and economically. Segregation has besides played an of import function in the impact of the current state of affairss of African Americans. Blacks are discouraged from shacking in white residential countries and Whites continue to travel out of communities when the black population additions ( Collins and Williams. 1999 ) . There has been a really minimum diminution in segregation over clip for this is another issue impacting African Americans today ( Collins and Williams. 1999 ) .
All things considered. prior to the civil rights statute law. African Americans were non afforded the same chances as Whites. Sociologist William Julius Wilson has stated. The African American experience was dominated by race. ”
He has stated this because African Americans were segregated from Whites and this adversely affected African Americans. They were negatively treated. entirely based on the similar features of their tegument. Another term normally used to depict this intervention is racism. White persons were able to keep their societal distance from inkinesss. restricting them to merely certain occupations and chances ( Henslin. 227 ) . They besides were able to pull strings the societal establishments to stamp down African Americans and deny them full entree to society’s benefits. a term theoreticians use internal colonialism ( Henslin. 227 ) . By denying black’s entree to the society. Whites were able to command them based on race.
MentionsCollins. C. and Williams. R. ( 1999 ) . The Deadly Effectss of Racism. Sociological Forum. Vol. 14. No. 3 ( Sept. . 1999 ) . pp. 495-523. Retrieved March 16. 2011 from JSTOR database. Demark. F. L. ( 2010 ) . Prejudice and Discrimination. Retreived March 17. 2011 from hypertext transfer protocol: //onlinelibrary. wiley. com/doi/10. 1002/9780470479216. corpsy0700/full Henslin. J. M. ( 2011 ) . Necessities of Sociology: A Down-to-earth Approach. Boston: Pearson Higher Education

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