When Paine arrived in Philadelphia, he sensed the tension and rebellion amongst the colonies especially after the events of the Boston Tea Party and the battles of Lexington and Concord. Paine believed that the colonies should not have to pay taxes, especially without a representation in the Parliament at Westminster. In fact, the smart man believed that the colonies should be independent from England. Therefore, on January 10, 1776, Paine published his ideas in his pamphlet, Common Sense. .
In his Common Sense, Paine passionately argued for the independence from England and emphasized on the ability of the young country to grow and prosper, ” the cause of America is in a great measure the cause of all mankind. ” He declared simply that it was just ” common sense” to stop being dominated by King George III, the ” royal brute”. He criticized the government, ” Society in every state is a blessing, but Government, even in its best state, is a necessary evil; in its worst state, an intolerable one. ” His argument was that any true-blooded American who was not revolted by the bloody chaos of conflict, and not prepared to fight in consequence, had the ” heart of a coward and the spirit of a sycophant.