Transcription factors are DNA-binding

Published: 2020-06-19 02:46:04
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Category: General Studies

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Transcription factors are DNA-binding proteins that regulate several cellular functions including control of the cell cycle, development, cell signaling and transcription.  In this study, the AP/ ERF transcription factor (TF) Rap2.4like from Arabidopsis thaliana was characterized in terms of its DNA-binding specificity.
PCR constructs of approximately 768-bp in length were designed for integration into the pET-32a(+) plasmid which carries His-tag, S-tag and trx-tag sequences.  Protein expression of this transcription factor was induced in Escherichia coli BL21-DE3-transformed cells through heat shock using three different temperatures.
Protein isolation and SDS-PAGE analysis showed that 28oC was the optimal temperature for induction of protein expression, generating approximately 640 ug per extraction.  Western blot analysis determined that the AP/ERF transcription factor was isolated, with an approximate size of 50 kDa.
Electron mobility shift assay (EMSA) results showed that the cis-element core CCAAC was necessary for the binding of the DRE element, with the substitution of the second or fifth position (C nucleotide) playing a critical role in its binding capacity.

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