Web 2.0 technology

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Introduction
Over the old ages engineering has experienced rapid development, crossing from the yearss of information sharing via telegraphs, telephone, publication houses and telecasting to the yearss of information sharing via the cyberspace.
The cyberspace in recent old ages has established itself as the bedrock of human networking and information sharing, it has, over the old ages experienced some sort of revolution. Assorted Persons have explored and are still researching new engineerings that can emerge via the cyberspace platform ; the most recent of all is the web 2.0 engineering.
This paper seeks to discourse the impact of web 2.0 engineerings in the educational industry, how these engineerings will do a revolution in the present educational system and eventually attempts that should be made to guarantee that this new engineering is adapted to the educational system around the universe.
Brief History of the web2.0 Technology
The web 2.0 engineering is a merchandise of different innovations and tendencies, and whose first marks emerged from the ARPANET. The ARPANET, if you like could be seen as the first cyberspace ; it was the first country package exchanging web and was developed by the information processing techniques office. It was put into work on the 30th of August 1969.
In 1984, the cyberspace still an country package exchanging web took the topographic point of the ARPARNET ; and initiated the journey into rapid technological revolution.
Tim berners-lee an Oxford alumnus invented in 1989 what we know today as the World Wide Web ( WWW ) , which is an internet-based interactive multimedia enterprise for planetary information sharing” ( www.w3.0rg ) .
This World Wide Web ( WWW ) was created with the purpose to portion information via browsers which are client packages that are used to entree information from the waiters. Web fast became the existence of web accessible information and through the usage of hypertext and multimedia methods ; the web became a tool for roaming, chew the fating, shoping and lending.
Information sharing to the full began after the creative activity of the World Wide Web and the cyberspace became the new platform for informations exchange, information sharing and societal activities, at this point the existing engineering was the web1.0.
Web 1.0 engineering was all about printing information via the web in a inactive mode. Like word paperss, easy corrections could non be made by merely anyone. Here, accommodations and the sharing of information were really hard as information needed to be carefully edited before being shared. The lone characteristics of this engineering were bookmarking and hyper-linked pages.
After web 1.0 came cyberspace ‘s twenty-first century technological discovery, a revolution that emerged after the dot-com clang, a engineering whose popularity was initiated by Tim O’Reilly in 2004 i.e. the Web 2.0.
This engineering gave a different dimension to the cyberspace, many tools in this engineering are similar to desktop applications, but in this instance browsers are used alternatively of packages that are installed on computing machines. Here, information serviceability and sharing is of really high importance, labeling, blogging and wikis are the high spots of this engineering as opposed to the old engineerings that were existent in the web 1.0 construct.
What is Web 2.0?
The web 2.0 construct is one that is really slippery to specify ; this is because its construct O’reilly, ( 2005 ) says does non hold a difficult boundary but a gravitative core” . That is to state that this construct can non be restricted to one house definition, but when defined, must hold certain properties.
With this, we could try to specify the web 2.0 constructs by looking at it from the following position ( O’Reilly, 2005 ) : –
* Strategic place: -seeing the web as the platform
* User placement: -having full control of your ain informations
* Core competences: –
* services non packaged package
* architecture of engagement
* cost effectual scalability
* remix able informations beginning and informations transmutation
* package above the degree of a individual device
* tackling corporate intelligence
What it means is that web 2.0 is a construct that allows people have full control of the information over the web ( flexibleness ) by supplying users with information storage, creative activity and sharing abilities. It is designed to heighten engagement and advance corporate intelligence. It is cost effectual because of its nature to make out to many people across the universe at the same clip.
In an effort to give a clearer definition of web2.0 engineering, below is a tabular array which shows the difference between the web1.0 engineering and the present web2.0 engineering
WEB 1.0
WEB 2.0
Application based
Web based
Isolated
Collaborative
Offline
Online
Licensed or purchased
Free
Single Godhead
Multiple confederates
Propriety Code
Open beginning
Copyrighted content
Shared content
Beginning Web 2.0 new tools new schools
Common Web 2.0 Technologies
Some of the common web 2.0 engineerings are ( Tapscott and Williams,2007 ) : –
* Wiki: -Is a sort of package that enables users to easy add, delete and edit the content on their web pages.
* Web logs: -is a web page that is controlled by an person, it could besides be seen as an synergistic publication platform. This page could incorporate regular entries of remarks, artworks pictures and events.
* Social networking: -It is normally a site used to constructing on-line communities. It allows for members of that community to make a public profile with their involvements and expertness, station text and all mode of informations
* Media sharing: -Media sharing normally occurs in on-line societal webs ; here images text, applications videos sounds games amongst others are being shared by persons who are members of the online community.
* Discussion forums: -This is besides known as treatment groups and it is designed to construct on-line communities of people who portion the same involvement. In a treatment forum, non instant messages can be sent for the members to answer at their ain clip and gait ; they are dedicated to more specific topics like instruction, travel, etc.
Who uses these engineerings?
The web 2.0 engineering has become the most sought after engineering in many industries. Today, the usage of these engineerings have gone beyond fiddling issues like sharing local community effect and have delved into more serious work like sharing concern and academic thoughts.
Industries likes the car industries, educational industry, banking industries and many others have started utilizing these tools to heighten concern. They are taking advantage of the societal nature and flexibleness and scalability of these tools to make their possible planetary clients, with these tools ; they have been able to make out to assorted concern spouses in and out of their concern community. These tools so far have been exploited by some major Bankss, car concerns and have in some manner had a great impact on the assorted internal and external concerns procedures.
How would the applications of these engineerings impact the educational industry?
Bing the most recent technological discovery, many industries are seeking existent difficult to acquire their just portion of it.
Web 2.0 as it exists today has been widely embraced by the educational industry. Soon, it is been seen as a tool used to chiefly to advance the image of the assorted schools through on-line selling and for general library utilizations. These tools have been used to help the concern procedures of academic establishments but so far have been mutely refused entree as a learning tool in most of these establishments.
The educational industry is one we could name a stiff necked industry ; it is so because new engineerings that invariably jumping up in the market sometimes are last adopted by this industry. We may be given to see ground with their late acceptance of new engineerings, being that the industry is a really delicate one and could be termed the bastion of cognition. It is the land where trusted information is shared and the most delicate portion of adult male which is the human encephalon is being developed. Reasons like that make one think once more if following such tools is worth the hazard.
With uncertainty in the heads of the academe about the credibleness of the information shared via these tools, it is really normal for them to be defensive and believe that these tools could make more injury than good. But once more could that be the instance?
Web 2.0 engineerings have already changed the manner some concerns operate ; it has removed the top down organizational construction enhanced collaborative work. These harmonizing to their feedback hold given them a competitory border over their rivals who have non adopted this new engineering.
The Educational industry should decidedly non be left out during this clip of technological revolutions. Education as we know is a really humdrum procedure, twelvemonth in twelvemonth out it is the same construct of instructors presenting talks to a big category. Web 2.0 is seeking to convey an alternate and dynamic learning procedure into the educational industry by implementing a alteration from the teachers know all concept” of acquisition, to larning by borderless information sharing coaction and squad work.
Harmonizing to statistics by Clark ( 2009 ) there are about 200,000,000 web logs worldwide, another statistics done by Nielsel ( 2009 ) revealed that there has been an addition in the proceedingss spent on societal networking sites, from 5 billion proceedingss in 2003 to about 20billion proceedingss in February 2009.This goes to state us how much consequence the web2.0 tools have on persons worldwide.
Besides a 2009 US section of Education survey revealed that on the norm, on-line pupils did better than the pupils acquiring face to confront direction, this means that on-line instruction exposure is conveying about an betterment in the public presentation of pupils. Taking this statistics into consideration a realization of the sum of impact these tools are conveying by and large to mankind decidedly should do the educational industry see ground to use the usage of web 2.0 tools in their course of study.
A study done by the partnerships on larning for the twenty-first century in 2004 identified six elements of twenty-first century acquisition and they are: –
* Emphasize nucleus topics
* Emphasize acquisition accomplishments
* Use twenty-first century tools to develop larning accomplishments
* Teach and larn in twenty-first century context
* Teach and larn twenty-first century content
* Use twenty-first century appraisals that measure twenty-first century accomplishments
They went on to state that Today ‘s instruction system faces irrelevance unless we bridge the spread between how pupils live and how they learn” .
Gladwell ( 2002 ) says:
As pedagogues, we ca n’t sit on the out of boundss watching it happen. We have to recognize that pupils ‘ usage of engineering is stronger and work from our ain strength which is learning. This means that we harness the engineering and assist them utilize them sagely. They may cognize the tools better but we have to assist them utilize them wisely.”
Web 2.0 tools are chiefly used by the persons of school age, most of the clip they are used to either catch up with long lost friends or merely go through some messages normally on societal events. The educational industry can take advantage of these tools and assist the pupils channel their energy into making more constructive things with them like larning. Teachers need to be familiar with these tools so as to make out to their pupils utilizing the
Besides Friedman ( 2005 ) points out the fact that technology will literally transform every facet of life and every facet of society. The universe is [ sing a revolution ] from a chiefly perpendicular bid and control existence to a horizontal connect and collaborate one”
This statement by Thomas Friedman makes one understand that the universe is now a technologically based one and would go through by anyone who is non willing to set to the recent tendencies in engineering it besides affirms the fact that the universe is turning to one of coaction. Businesss today are already following web 2.0 engineerings ; persons who come out of academic establishments are expected to fall in these concerns when they are through with school. How can they get by if in their assorted establishments these tools have non been exposed to them, how can they boom in the bing economic system without the cognition of these tools? The solution to this is integrating web 2.0 tools into the academic course of study so that the pupils are familiar with them before they leave their assorted establishments to fall in the work force and so the universe of competition.
( Solomon and Schrum,2007 ) says using coaction and communicating tools with educational methods that besides promote these accomplishments such as [ acquisition and squad work ] will assist pupils get the abilities they need for the future” .
Professor Andrew McAfee ( 2006 ) , identified some cardinal elements in the Enterprise 2.0 model, this construct he termed SLATES which means Search, Links, Authoring, Tags extension and signals. This elements he identified as concern impacting capablenesss enabled by web 2.0.Borrowing his construct and using to the educational industry, we would see how these elements can impact the acquisition capablenesss in the academic universe. They are: –
* hunt: -finding information through keyword hunt
* links: -connects information together in a meaningful information ecosystem
* Authoring: -the ability to make, portion and update collaborative work
* Tags: -categorizing of content by users adding a peculiar word of description to ease easy seeking
* Extensions: -a package that makes the web an application every bit good as a papers waiter. The excavation of antecedently gathered informations associating to a users activities or minutess which allows users to be guided to originate other valuable activities or minutess.an illustration of this could be seen by the phrase other clients who purchased this book besides purchased these books ”
* Signals: -the usage of syndication engineering such as Really Simple Syndication ( RSS ) to advise people of alterations that has taken topographic point.
a ) Search: -In the academic universe researches are being done invariably to detect new theories and techniques that could profit adult male and his environment. In times past merely a few people had the forbearance to travel circular different books in the library and acquire the information they need to propound such theories. The hunt tool of web 2.0 has made work a batch easier, now faculty members who truly want to make some research can utilize this tool to streamline their research processs and portion the consequences they got faster than earlier. This characteristic can be found in web logs, societal webs wikis amongst others
B ) Links: -No academic establishment can be as an island ; the connexion of information through links is really helpful. It increases the span of information that a pupils and instructors can acquire when assignments and researches need to be done. The sort of information that is non merely within their vicinity but all over the universe. Learning goes off from the local to the planetary environment via these tools. This characteristic can be found in web logs wikis, societal webs amongst others.
degree Celsius ) Authoring: -the usage of web logs and wikis encourages collaborative work. It enhances joint research by pupils and lectors from different parts of the universe. It brakes educational boundaries and gives every one of them a opportunity to rub heads and acquire different positions from different people within and in different parts of the universe. This tool makes pupils more involved in the acquisition procedure and gives them a sense of duty. It makes larning exciting to them and gives them the ardor to make more work in order to convey approximately right replies.
vitamin D ) Tags: -Tagging is besides a characteristic of web 2.0 that allows for easy searching. Since a peculiar word or characteristic is added here to ease easy searching, pupils and lectors could utilize this tool to further better their searching and sharing of information procedures. This characteristic is existing in societal media and web logs
vitamin E ) Extensions: -This characteristic allows for pupils and instructors to cognize different utile stuffs which can be used for their academic work. It is so because it allows for persons to cognize related stuffs which their fellow co-workers worked with and utilize them if they so desire.
degree Fahrenheit ) Signals: -the usage of RSS provenders is a really of import portion of the web2.0 engineering, in the academic universe this tool can be used by pupils and lectors to constantly direct updates on latest researches done as respects their assorted topics. It can besides be used by lectors to direct information on assignments that need to be done and schoolroom reminders. This component is present in most web 2.0 tools like societal webs, web logs amongst others.
All these above mentioned elements are the characteristics that are existing in the web 2.0 tools. Combinations of some of them exist in the wikis, web logs, societal webs, treatment forums, etc. Taking these characteristics and deploying them via the bing web2.0 tools such as web logs wikis societal webs and treatment forums in the acquisition establishments will do an extraordinary revolution in the academic universe and a great impact.
All engineerings that have positive sides besides have their negative sides which could be termed as its cringle holes.
( Ala-Mukuta, et al,2008 ) identified some hazards that this new engineering could convey to the educational system and they are: –
* Lack of formal construction: -this implies that the usage of web 2.0 tools in instruction may make a upset in larning forms. It will dispute the proviso of construction to back up acquisition, originative thought and originative building of cognition.
* It might take to a decrease in the quality of educational content which will ensue in poorer educational stuff.
* It could worsen societal and digital divides it will authorise those that are already most sceptered
Decision
The positives of utilizing these web 2.0 tools in instruction far outweigh the negatives, like other engineerings solutions can be found in order to turn to these hazards that web 2.0 tools pose. Web 2.0 tools have allowed for the web to go a participatory and synergistic topographic point where pupils can make information as a squad and portion consequences.
The recent technological revolution is a wakeup call for all industries. It means that engineering is turning quickly and so puting more demands on persons. Smart industries have started taking advantage of these tools, these industries coincidently go on to be the same industries that the merchandises of these different academic establishments will fall in when they leave.
The educational industry can non afford to be left behind ; it has to take a new bend in its instruction and larning methods. The usage of these web 2.0 tools for now is the manner for them to catch up and besides remain relevant in the society.
Mentions
Ala-Mutka, k. et al 2008 Learning 2.0: The impact of Web2.0 invention on instruction and preparation in Europe: European committee joint research Centre institute for prospective technological surveies [ on-line ] Available at hypertext transfer protocol: //ipts.jrc.ec.europa.eu/publications/pub.cfm? id=213 [ Accessed 1 December 2009 ]
Andrew, T. Teaching with web 2.0 benefits web 2.0 interaction brings to education [ online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //teachingtechnology.suite101.com/article.cfm/teaching_with_web_20
Berners- Lee, T. : Biography [ Online ] : Available at:
hypertext transfer protocol: //www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/ [ Accesed 3 December 2009 ]
Clark, J. 2009 Merely facebook How to Face book: SEO ‘s Tips Tricks Marketing and more [ Online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //onlyfacebook.com/
[ Accesed 5th December 2009 ]
Friedman, T. 2005. The universe is level: a brief history of the twenty-first Century
Gladwell, M. 2002: The tipping point: How small things can do a large difference
McAfee, A. ( 2006 ) . Enterprise 2.0: The Dawn of Emergent Collaboration. MIT Sloan Management reappraisal. Vol. 47, No. 3, p. 21-28.
O’Rielly, T. 2005. What is Web 2.0 Design Patterns and Business theoretical accounts for the following coevals of package [ online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //oreilly.com/web2/archive/what-is-web-20.html [ Accesed: 2 December 2009 ] .
Social Media for Defence and Government [ online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.marketingcharts.com/television/socnets-web-video-radically-alter-online-behavior-8838/nielsen-landscape-time-spent-increase-video-social-media-february-2009jpg/ [ Accessed: 3 December 2008 ]
Solomon, G. And Schrum, L. 2007.Web 2.0: New Tools New Schools online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.iste.org/source/orders/excerpts/newtoo.pdf [ Accessed 30 November 2009 ]
Tapscott, D.and Williams, A. 2007. Wikinomics: how mass coaction alterations everything pp. 13,12,41
Web 2.0 Mass Collaboration Changes the Rules of the game [ online ] Available at: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.spikesource.com/suitetwo/downloads/web20whitepaper.pdf

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